Science Visual Theory

Public Model of Political Information Processing


Kraft, P. W. et al. (2015) ‘Why People “Don’t Trust the Evidence”: Motivated Reasoning and Scientific Beliefs’, The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science. Los Angeles, CA: SAGE Publications, 658(1), pp. 121–133

Journalism Science

Smoking: A Mental Health Problem?

Smoking has been romanticized by the creative, television, and film industries. Smokers are often portrayed as good looking individuals who are charming, intelligent, and independent. Little is ever shown when it comes to chest imaging, the real repercussions of addiction and substance dependency; and the potential health complications such lifestyles could have. When it comes to forensic mental health, nicotine addiction can be considered as a form of self-harm. With a tremendous number of anti-smoking campaigns taking place globally, through which the effects of smoking are disseminated to nicotine consumers through the packaging of the product and through health services; it is understandable why smoking is now seen as a mental health problem and a maladaptive manifestation where the smokers, despite having awareness of the fact that tobacco has over 70 substances known to cause respiratory complications as well as cancer; exhibit addiction determinism when they choose to self-poison.

Doctors have found themselves in difficult positions when it comes to this particular form of self-harm and morbid maladjustment. “Pressures must be placed on governments […] Also, initiatives to make smoking an antisocial, unacceptable activity must be pursued to reduce the likelihood that smoking will be adopted by those predisposed to nicotine addiction, as well as those not predisposed […] With knowledge about the addictive potential of nicotine and the genetic predisposition to become addicted to nicotine, we can now be confident that the days of the authoritarian doctor are over. It is now no longer acceptable that a doctor simply demands that patients stop smoking before they receive further treatment. Smoking, and attempts to quit smoking, need to be regarded as conditions that require specific treatment. Not only do we have to ask all of our patients whether they smoke, and not only do we have to encourage all our smokers to quit smoking, we have to do it with the same clinical care and skill that we use to treat all diseases and health complaints in our patients” (Worsnop, 2003, p. 1339)

As someone who understands nicotine addiction, I have at times wondered why the product itself remains legal. Surely, that’s a truly genocidal industry which profits from the death and lack of self-control of its consumers. Furthermore, considering the fact that smokers are often people who do not understand the theoretical implications of smoking, and the potential respiratory prognosis of such habit; it can be said that all smokers are vulnerable individuals who are being neglected by the legislature and the jurisdiction they are a part of, and that such ignorance can easily become their funeral.


Worsnop, C. J. (2003) ‘Smoking’, Chest, 123(5), pp. 1338–1340. doi: 10.1378/chest.123.5.1338.


Smoking (PDF)

Science Visual Theory

Emotional Intelligence Pyramid

Opinion Science

Byford: Image Quote


Mutt: IMAP & SMTP Configuration (Linux Terminal)

Mutt is an excellent, open-source, messaging client that functions through the Linux terminal. Many security experts are still using this because it has good PGP support, it’s fast, and can be customised to one’s taste. It isn’t recommended for those who only begin learning about command-based interfaces. There are a few things that need to be configured in the /etc/muttrc file, such as  IMAP y SMTP. However, once these few things have been dealt with, it is quite easy to use to receive/send e-mail. 

This is the step by step, command-line based process:

  1. Download and install mutt. 
    sudo apt-get install mutt
  2. Open the file with your preferred text-editor. I use Vim. 
    vim /etc/Muttrc 
  3. Create a commentary “e-mail-configuration” so it is easy to understand in the future. 
  4. Next, paste the following information. Make sure to replace “”, and “password” with your real details. 
    # IMAP
    set from         = ""
    set imap_user         = "" 
    set imap_pass = "password" 
    set folder = "imaps://" 
    set imap_check_subscribed
  5. # SMTP 
    set smtp_url = "smtp://" 
    set smtp_pass = "password" set spoolfile = "+INBOX" 
    set postponed = "+[Gmail]/Drafts" set trash = "imaps://[Gmail]/Trash" set header_cache =~/.mutt/cache/headers set message_cachedir =~/.mutt/cache/bodies set certificate_file =~/.mutt/certificates


  6. Finally, execute:
    mkdir -p /home/.mutt/cache


That’s it. Now Mutt is ready to go.