Books Theology

Is the Talmud of Jmmanuel the True Gospel?

In 1963, two European scientists found a manuscript written in Aramaic supposedly written by Judas Iscariot, and telling the story of Jmmanuel– the son of Mary and Joseph– and of how he was conceived, some of the things he taught and it also spoke of the cosmos, God, and Creation.


Sounds familiar? That’s correct. It is a gospel similar to those found in the new testament of the Bible; the great difference is that unlike other books in the Bible, this manuscript was original and had not been adulterated, for example, by King Constantine the Great (a Roman emperor who burnt original texts and rewrote the book to his convenience around the years 306-337 A.D. when he was ruling). Another major difference is that many of the events that Constantine left narrated as magick or miracles; the talmud explains in terms of technology, such as space technology. Finally, it also reveals that Judas Iscariot was not in fact Jmmanuel’s (known more popularly as Jesus Christ) traitor. But instead, he was his closest ally, and the person who betrayed Jmmanuel was called Juda Ihariot instead.

Look at the birds in the sky: they devour the harmful insects, and they have plumage for clothing, yet they have no spirit capable of ongoing evolution.

They work to fulfil their duty, and they are fed and clothed by Creation.

Are you not much more than they?

You can think independently through your free consciousness; you can work independently and you can prepare food and drink and clothe your bodies independently

Chapter 6: 42-45.

Like any Gospel, the book also has prophecies specifically foreseeing the revelation of truth around the time of space travel (are we there yet?), and makes references to extraterrestrial spiritual beings, as well as to some technology which seemed to be ‘normal’ back then, such as the singing lights which guided Joseph and other characters in the book when travelling. These lights appeared in the sky and led their way towards the desired destination. A bit like satellital navigation technology but far larger and more advanced than we imagine.

Anyhow, after the two European researchers found the manuscript and started studying and interpreting its contents, there was an Israeli air-raid (due to conflicts of interest) in the Jerusalem camp where Isa Rashid- the translator- and his family were staying, causing them to flee to Lebanon. The Israeli authorities found out and also air-raided the Lebanese camp, causing them to flee to Baghdad. This way, the text was destroyed and the translation to German was only possible until chapter 36. By then, he had already managed to send a copy of such a translation to his colleague- Albert Meier- in Switzerland in 1970. Sadly, the man who translated the manuscript (Isa Rashid) was assassinated in Baghdad after sending some correspondence to Albert Meier.

Journalism Theology

What Does the QUR’AN teach?

Last month, I had the opportunity to borrow a translation of the QUR’AN by M. A. S. Abdel Haleem and published by Oxford World Classics. Out of all the translations I’ve reviewed so far, this is my favourite. And I have just pingbacked them to inform them of my views. The pingback is no coincidence, my dear fervent, and devoted reader.

Introducing my new research interest in theology:

Some of the values promoted in the QUR’AN are somewhat alike to those taught in other holy books. Similarly to the TORAH and the GOSPEL, the QUR’AN (2:84-86) is against murder, and furthermore, it is against geopolitical displacement.

During the following months, we shall be exploring more of this holy book in this blog along with some of the history of ISLAM. For example, the verses portrayed in QUR’AN (2:8-20) are in my opinion, verses that bring hope to those currently struggling and/or suffering.

Some of the verses in the QUR’AN (2: 75-82) are very thought provoking. Furthermore, the QUR’AN (2: 78) states: “Some of them are uneducated […] They rely on guesswork”.

The above statements makes me want to be INCLUDED in the good heavens because, oh man, is Allah not furious enough to hit them up Netanyahu style? And here I am… Betshy… לא ישנה בלילה… dreaming of a better world Matisyahu style.

I believe that both the TORAH and QUR’AN are in my blood. I feel constantly divided as I am a woman who is legally Islamic. Yes, I legally converted to ISLAM on the 26th August, 2008 whilst I was visiting Suleymaniyah, Iraq. It is no delusion that I am a terrible Muslim who went astray and did not do her research, as some of my best friends in Pakistan have smart-ass-smartly remarked. Yes, I am an ISMAELITE.

It is also no delusion that I am Jewish, and Israel is in my genes, heritage and survival accounts of my European great-grand-parents which officially are welcomed in Israel as it is the custom since it became a state post World War II. So pardon my Hebrew, when I say that I have been dancing non-stop to my geo-political, current environment. Yes, I am an ISRAELITE.


The Controversial History of Autism

According to Lincoln College (2022), autism as a word was first used to describe those who suffered from schizophrenia and who were also ‘withdrawn and self-absorbed’. In 1943, the word was first used to describe a condition of its own and individuals seemed perplexing to clinicians and were scrutinised heavily (Kanner, 1943); followed by the creation of Asperger’s disease in 1944. Later in the 1950s, it was believed that autism was a result of developmental trauma, and mothers of autistic children were heavily criticised as ‘refrigerator mothers’, indicating that they had no emotional warmth. 

Eventually, during the 60s and 70s there were changes initiated by parents coming together (and forming the National Autistic Society), and by scientists recognising the disease as biological. This recognition led to segregation schools being implemented for autistic children before a genetic link was discovered in 1974. Yet, it was not until 1979 that a psychological model called ‘the triad of impairments’ was proposed which highlighted difficulties in social interaction, communication, and imagination skills. Then, in 1980 the DSM first recognised Autism Spectrum Disorder,  and in 1989 the diagnostic criteria for Aspergers was created before being recognised in 1994. From there on there were national scientific and governmental initiatives to improve practice on understanding and working with autism. Finally, since 2009 World Autism Day has been celebrated. 

Currently, there are still people who think that autism happens only to children, or that it is not a disability. Furthermore, only a minority of people understand that autism has no cure. This shows that even though there have been a lot of developments in the history of autism, many misconceptions still persist. 


Initially, it was believed that autism was a form of schizophrenia. Furthermore, the way clinicians used to relate to autistic individuals was very derogatory and subjugating throughout history. Individuals with autism were labelled as ‘mentally retarded’, ‘idiotic’, ‘feeble-minded’, ‘slow or backwards’, or ‘autistic schizoid’ (Lincoln College, 2022). Now individuals are known to have a neurodevelopmental condition which they live with, and which has unique individual needs and no cure. Moreover, autism was considered to be a matter of moral degeneration until the genetic link was discovered and its biological construct was explored. 

Kanner (1943) cited in Lincoln College (2022) was the first to propose that autism was a condition of itself and that it was not schizophrenia. This was a major breakthrough. Later on, Aspergers (1944) cited in Lincoln College (2022) proposed that ‘autistic psychopathy’ was the cluster of symptoms now known as ‘Asperger’s syndrome’. He believed that these individuals could not change because autism had no cure. He identified symptoms such as ‘lack of empathy’, and poor ability to make friends, among others. This was another breakthrough. However, autism is not the same as psychopathy, and this should be emphasised. 

Moreover, Lincoln College (2022) also states that Wing’s and Gould’s (1979) theory was the first one to mention Aspergers syndrome in a research paper challenging Kanner’s theory and they introduced the model of the ‘triad of impairments’  (social interaction, communication, and imagination). Furthermore, Baron-Cohen et al. (1980) proposed the theory of mind (ToM) theory indicating that individuals with autism struggled to understand the mental states of others. It was stated that this impairment affected most or all aspects of the individual’s life. 

Another theory was the ‘extreme male brain theory’  which states that autistic individuals have been exposed to higher levels of testosterone than the average population. This might explain why most autistic individuals are male. Furthermore, Baron-Cohen also proposed the ‘empathising-systemising theory’ which states that autistic individuals can only be empathic by imitating the behaviours of others without really understanding the subjective states of mind of others. This is because autistic individuals are more systematic than empathetic and adapt based on organisational, structural, normative, and routine schemas. This might explain why these individuals have interpersonal difficulties. Finally, the ‘autism spectrum  condition’ theory states that individuals with autism have a life-long condition which can vary based on where they are in the spectrum which can range from interpersonal difficulties to verbal communication difficulties (Lincoln College, 2022). 

Treatments & Interventions

Electroshock therapy was often used to treat autism in the past and treatments heavily relied on the use of medication. Autistic individuals were placed in asylums and separated from their families during treatment even though a cure does not exist. Nowadays, treatment takes place in the community most of the time, medication is only used where necessary,  and psychotherapy is offered in order to help build coping and distress tolerance skills. Furthermore, in the past autistic individuals were segregated from society and placed in special schools. This is now known to have detrimental effects. Hence why nowadays autistic individuals are integrated into mainstream schools with extra support for their needs.  Finally, in the past autistic individuals had little or no autonomy and were passive receivers of interventions; whereas now person-centred approaches are the norm, and individuals are encouraged to be autonomous and to live meaningful lives (Lincoln College, 2022) even though the mental health industry still has a lot to improve when it comes to co-production of care plans in general. 

Furthermore, Lincoln College (2022) states that in the past autism was treated with medication on a trial and error basis, sometimes having dangerous and now-illicit substances administered such as LSD. Of course, this was harmful. Moreover, aversion therapy was used to operationally condition unwanted responses using punishment as the reinforcing method. Individuals were slapped on the wrist, splashed with cold water, and given electric shocks every time they displayed unwanted behaviours. This was done with the intention of extinguishing such behaviours, and was inhumane. Nowadays, this would be classed as unethical and degrading. 

Needless to say, in the past individuals were excessively put through electro-convulsive therapies which consisted of electrocuting the individual’s head in order to forcefully and drastically alter the biological make-up of the brain. This practice is known to induce seizures,  memory loss, and other effects. Sadly, this type of torture is still used as treatment in many countries, including the UK. There are several human rights movements such as the Citizens Commission on Human Rights (n.d.) which have made documentaries advocating against this form of therapy due to its many harmful effects. However, among the positive services offered to autistic individuals nowadays are community care (i.e. ensuring individuals are not hospitalised), speech and language therapy, occupational therapy, family therapy, behavioural therapy, medication, parent education, psychosocial treatments, and counselling (Lincoln College, 2022). 


Citizens Commission on Human Rights (n.d.) ‘Therapy or Torture? The Truth About Electroshock [Online]. Available at (accessed 22 February 2022). 

Kanner, L. (1943) ‘Autistic Disturbances of Affective Contact’, Pathology [Online]. Available at (accessed 22 February 2022). 

Lincoln College (2022) ‘The historical context of autism’, TQUK Level 3 Certificate in Understanding Autism [Online]. Available at (accessed 22 February 2022). 

Forensic Psychology Science

Zimbardo (1973) Took Ecological Validity Far Too Seriously

Psychology as a science employs the experimental scientific method when trying to determine the cause and effect of everyday phenomena. It is believed that validity (when a study actually measures what it aims to measure) and reliability (when an experiment can be replicated, and the results corroborated therefore) are essential components of theoretical foundations. Ecological validity is a term used to describe the extent to which laboratory experiments can mimic natural conditions (Turner, 2019).

For instance, if a psychologist is trying to determine the effects of crime on mental health, an experiment would have to be conducted in order to test these  variables; nevertheless, some aspects of crime scene and court settings are impossible to test due to the fatal, or extremely damaging nature of such situations. Consequently, many experimental forensic psychological hypotheses cannot be taken outside the laboratory, nor can these be tested in natural conditions; and this is why mock-studies are conducted in order to understand the processes involved in case law, but these are considered to have very low ecological validity. A good example of a mock forensic psychology experiment gone wrong is Zimbardo’s (1973) Stanford Prison Experiment as cited in Eysenck (2000), which was extremely traumatic for the participants, as severe psychological damage was imposed on them.

Half of the participants took the role of prisoners, and the other half took the job of prison guards. The reason why mock studies are conducted is to make sure that no harm is done to participants; yet, this experiment went beyond the scope of mock studies and some of those playing the prisoners could no longer differentiate whether the experiment was real or not. Nowadays this type of experiment would not be allowed by an ethics committee due to its high level of ecological validity. The way in which guards abused the power and authority given to them was atrocious, and the overall experiment was detrimental to every single participant in each category.

Eysenck (2000, p. 568-569) stated: “Violence and rebellion broke out within two days […] One of the prisoners showed such severe symptoms of emotional disturbance (disorganised thinking, uncontrollable crying, and screaming) that he had to be released after only one day”. Furthermore, Zimbardo was harshly criticised for having failed to protect the physical and mental health of all parties involved. What makes a experiment a mock-study is the fact that prisoners usually know the reason why they are imprisoned; whereas Zimbardo’s study added an extra-factor by misleading them into thinking they were imprisoned for real.

Overall, Zimbardo’s (1973) experiment was very much ecologically valid and consistent with miscarriages of justice, such as when a person is innocent and yet is sent to prison, what can be imagined to be a nightmare of confusion, uncertainty, fear, and injustice. 


Eysenck, M. W. (2000) Psychology: A Student’s Handbook, East Sussex, Psychology Press Ltd, pp. 568-569, 789. 

Turner, J. (2019) ‘5 Focus on methods: ecological validity’, DD210-19J Week 18: Making sense of the world, The Open University [Online]. Available at (Accessed 17 March 2020).