Archives History Journalism

Electroshock Therapy


A device “for giving general electric treatment for psychological effect, in psycho-neurotic cases” during the war. The electroconvulsive therapy  was first used on a human being in 1938.


Bergonic Chair by Otis Historical Archives National Museum of Health and Medicine under  CC BY 2.0.


Madness & Human Rights


 A podcast by The Open Society Foundation.

“The Open Society Public Health Program hosts an evening event with John Trainor in honor of his years of service on the Public Health Program Advisory Board. The event features a presentation by John Trainor on his work examining how society reacts to the phenomenon of mental illness and the impact of that reaction on how people with mental illness are treated. He looks at examples from the past, reflect on how social acceptance and treatment have changed, and makes suggestions for the future of mental health care.”

You can download the PODCAST and the TRANSCRIPT.