Evolutionary theory refers to the ontogenetic, social and phylogenetic developmental trajectory of species as a mechanism for adaptation and survival. (Hewson et al., 2015, p. 67-68). Comparative psychology draws pathological and behavioural associations between human and nonhuman animals, including how evolution occurs interspecies through the use of tools. For instance, Taylor has been investigating theContinue reading “Understanding Evolutionary Theory in the Context of Animal Minds”
According to the online Etymology dictionary (n.d.), the verb “esteem” originates from 14c Latin meaning “to value, determine the value of, appraise”. Based on this definition, to self-esteem is to self-appraise and to consequently establish one’s own self worth. Nevertheless, in psychological research, the concept of self-esteem is a much disputed one. It encompasses otherContinue reading “Understanding Self-esteem and Why it is Important”
Psychopathy is a much debated topic in psychology. A lot of people are wondering nowadays what the difference is between a psychopath, a narcissist, and a sociopath. Because these terms tend to overlap with each other in meaning, there are models created in forensic psychology to illustrate the varied manifestations of this condition, which isContinue reading “Forensic profiling: What Are The Subtypes of Psychopathy?”
The developmental trajectory is the progressive continuum through which a human ability develops in life (Hewson, 2015). For instance, research suggests that theory of mind (ToM)– the ability to attribute mental states (e.g. false beliefs) that differ from one’s own to other people begins to develop around age 4- and becomes more complex/sophisticated with maturityContinue reading “The Developmental Trajectory: Theory of Mind (ToM)”
According to the European Institute for Gender Equality (n.d.), psychological violence includes “isolation from others, verbal aggression, threats, intimidation, control, harassment […] insults, humiliation and defamation”. This essay discusses how challenging the status quo is key to advancing global development and peace by extrapolating research conducted by Oates, Edgar and Edgar, and Custance (2012); toContinue reading “Advances in Social Justice Can Only be Achieved Through Research that Challenges the Status Quo”
According to the Online Etymology Dictionary (n.d.a), the adjective “artificial” originates from 14c France meaning “not natural or spontaneous”, and it began to be used in the English language from 16c to describe “anything made in imitation of, or as a substitute for, what is natural”. The etymology of the noun “mind” is rooted inContinue reading “Artificial minds, proprioception and episodic memory: the differences between human and computational intelligence”
Reference: Oyserman, D. (2017) ‘Culture Three Ways: Culture and Subcultures Within Countries’, Annual Review of Psychology, 68(1), pp. 435–463
Reference: Ellis, G. (2018) ‘Top-down effects in the brain’, Physics of Life Reviews. Elsevier B.V.
Reference: Palmen, D., Derksen, J. and Kolthoff, E. (2017) ‘House of Cards: Psychopathy in Politics’, Public Integrity. Routledge, 20(5), pp. 1–17.
Reference: Grimshaw, G. M. (2018) ‘Affective neuroscience: a primer with implications for forensic psychology’, Psychology, Crime & Law. Routledge, 24(3), pp. 258–278.